Exposed to the crushing of the surrounding settlements and the prohibitions imposed by the Israeli army, the rural populations of the West Bank have increasingly degraded access to water resources and their lands. In 2009, a World Bank report highlighted the great imbalance in Israel’s favour in resource control and access to water, since an Israeli has an average of 4 times more water than a Palestinian.
In addition, the West Bank is already dealing with the first effects of the major climatic changes expected in the Mediterranean basin, which have manifested themselves in a drastic decrease in rainfall in recent years.
On the front line, rural Palestinian communities must meet the needs of the population not only for the provision of drinking water but also for the satisfaction of agriculture, which remains the social and economic pillar of these territories. In a context of scarcity, integrated management of the water resource is becoming a priority.
This is particularly the case for the villages of Dura and Bait Ula, located in hebron Governorate in the southern West Bank, which have a few fewer and fewer temporary sources and are drying up as early as June, when the need set says become the most important. The use of these meagre resources must therefore be optimized to enable villagers to maintain or develop a small irrigated agriculture and hope to improve their living conditions.
The project aims to establish integrated water resource management and improve the living conditions of Palestinian farmers in Hebron Governorate.
EXPECTED DIRECT RESULTS
Integrated water resource management, increased recovery and mobilization of surface water
Saving water by optimizing water use in agriculture
Building the capacity of Palestinian civil society in the field of rural water
Support for the implementation of an integrated water resource management scheme in both valleys
Improved surface water capture, re-infiltration to support slick levels and storage in cisterns and ponds
Water-saving training and optimization of irrigation and fertilization practices
Setting up pilot farms and animating peer-to-peer exchanges
Support for localized irrigation system equipment
Organization of irrigators for the collective management of water resources and equipment
Strengthening the technical capacity of the UAWC through the training and technical assistance of the “rural water” department
Strengthening management capacity through support to the administrative and financial department
Municipality of Les Mées, project leader, in decentralised cooperation with the municipalities of Beit Ula and Dura (Hebron Governorate)
Union of Agricultural Workers Committees (UAWC), a Palestinian NGO
Mixed Union for development of the Valley of durance (SMAVD)
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